Body Parts That Start With G

Have you ever wanted to know more about the human body, but didn’t know where to start? Let us be your guide! In this article, we will discuss the different body parts that start with G.

You may think it’s easy to remember the names of your body parts, but you might be surprised to learn that there are different words for body parts in biological terms.

This article will give you a list of everybody’s part that starts with the letter G. You might not know what most of these even mean, but don’t worry! We also include a helpful guide with each term. Now you can show off your knowledge of anatomy without being embarrassed!

Most Important Body Parts That Start With G

What are the body parts that start with the letter g? The answer to this question is not just one word because there are many! No matter what your interest is in the human body, there are body parts that start with a g that you can learn about.

Moreover, if you have any query to know about the parts of the body that start with f, you can check out the previous post. Here’s an overview of some of the most well-known parts of the body that start with g. We hope you enjoy this list!

  • Gall bladder
  • Gallstone
  • Glands
  • Genitals
  • Gastrointestinal
  • Gingivitis
  • Gums
  • Gluteal Muscle
  • Gonads
  • Groin
  • Goatee
  • Garganta
  • Gullet
  • Gluteus Maximus
  • Gluteus Minimus
  • Glossopharyngeal nerve
  • Gastrocnemius
  • Ganglion cysts
  •  Glomerulus

Gall bladder: First of all, you may notice the parts of the human body that start with g is this gall bladder. The gallbladder is a pear-shaped organ that lies under the liver on the right side of the abdomen.

The gall bladder is a small organ that is responsible for storing and concentrating bile, which is released when food enters the duodenum.

It can be found near the right upper quadrant of the liver. And it typically has a narrow opening called the cystic duct. The most common reason for removal is to cure gallstones. There are many other reasons for removal too, including cancer, inflammation, or chronic pain.


  • The main function of the gallbladder is to store bile produced by liver cells.
  • Bile helps break down fats in food, which are then channeled to the intestines, aiding indigestion.

Glands: Glands are organs that produce and secrete fluid substances such as hormones, enzymes, and acids. These are the most important body parts that start with the letter g. They can be found in your skin and hair and even closer to your heart. Glands come in different shapes and sizes: some are tiny, like those that produce hormones, while others are larger like those that produce saliva.

Glands can be classified as exocrine or endocrine based on what they do for the body. Exocrine glands secrete substances through ducts to other parts of the body (i.e., sweat glands) while endocrine glands secrete their products into blood vessels (i.e., thyroid glands).


  • A gland that produces substances such as hormones, digestive fluid, or sweat.
  • Endocrine glands release hormones into the bloodstream, a liquid-based system.
  • Exocrine glands release substances into a duct or opening that leads to either the inside or outside of the body.

Gums: Gums are a crucial part of the oral cavity and function to hold and support teeth and physical structures. The gums are a part of the oral tissue. They cover the root of each tooth and connect it to your mouth.

They can also fight infection, minimize tooth decay, and protect the tooth from excessive wear and tear. Gingivitis is one of the most common gum conditions, whereby the gums get inflamed. Clean your teeth and gums to avoid the most common gum disease out there.


  • This helps keep food from getting in between teeth or pulling out a loose filling!
  • They encircle the teeth and create a barrier against food particles.
  • Unlike the soft tissues of the mouth, gums are attached to both bone and muscles.
  • It also reduces the resistance of food passing over them.

Glottis: Another noticeable human body part that starts with g is the glottis. The glottis is one of the nine regions of the throat.

It is a pliable, triangular-shaped area that separates the oropharynx from the larynx. The glottis is an important part of the throat that is responsible for the passage of air and food.


  • The glottis connects to the windpipe and regulates breathing.
  • The opening and closing of the glottis are also responsible for the production of sound.

Gluteus Maximus: The Gluteus Maximus, also known as the “butt muscles” is a muscle that is found on the back of the thigh. It attaches to the iliac crest and sacrum and inserts into the iliotibial tract on the outside of the femur.

The muscle serves as a powerful extensor of both hips and aids in lateral rotation.

The Gluteus Medius is a muscle found on the outside of each buttock that connects to both sides of your pelvis. These muscles help keep your hips level as you walk, run, or change positions from sitting to standing.


  • The gluteus maximus is a four-part muscle of the hip joint. It helps with hip rotation, thigh abduction, and thigh adduction.
  • The gluteus maximus muscles attach to the pelvis and pull from this point, as well as the femur, to extend the hip.
  • However, when its distal attachment is fixed to the sacrum, the gluteus maximus muscle pulls the pelvis back.
  • These muscles help maintain the upright posture by balancing the pelvis on femoral heads.

The Gluteus Minimus: The gluteus minimus is the smallest of the three butt muscles. It is one of two muscles in the buttocks that are used to protrude or extend the hips. It is also the only muscle that is not visible on the surface of the body.

The gluteus minimus attaches to various parts of the pelvis, including both iliac crests. And inserts into a line that runs along part of and then downward from the spine of the femur to just below its bony prominence.


  • This muscle’s main function is to lift, rotate, and inwardly rotate your leg when it moves forward or backward.
  • Its main function is to stabilize the hip and move it outwards.

Glossopharyngeal Nerve: The glossopharyngeal nerve is a cranial nerve that carries taste sensations from the posterior one-third of the tongue.

As well as general sensory information from the carotid sinus and carotid body, middle ear, pharynx, epiglottis, and upper part of the esophagus.

This cranial nerve also carries visceral motor or sensory fibers that innervate muscles of the pharynx. Sensory fibers are carried in this nerve to visceral organs in the head whereas motor fibers are conveyed to muscles at certain points.


  • This nerve contains both the motor and sensory components to give any sensory-motor innervation to the stylopharyngeus muscle.
  • The glossopharyngeal nerve encompasses sensory, motor, and parasympathetic fibers.
  • It has a nerve called the carotid sinus nerve, which branches off. And provides a connection to the tongue, as well as a branch to cranial nerve X (vagus nerve).

Gallstone: Gallstone is one kind of weird body part that starts with g. Gallstones are typically made of cholesterol or bilirubin (a yellowish pigment).

They form when there is an imbalance in these substances coming out of bile. Or, when there are too many cholesterol crystals floating around in your gallbladder.

Symptoms that may indicate that you have gallstones include abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, fever, chills, and jaundice.


  • Gallstones can block the tubes that carry bile from your gallbladder or liver to your small intestine, preventing it from reaching your small intestine.
  • This blocks the body from digesting fats and leads to a painful condition called cholecystitis.

Final Verdict

When you think of the body, you might think of the heart, lungs, or brain. But many other important human body parts start with g. Learning the human body is more than just learning its parts. It’s understanding how these parts work together to keep us alive and healthy.

The human body has wide-ranging functions that we take for granted every day. If we don’t know what they are, we’ll never be able to understand how our anatomy works. This article will provide you with a complete guide to the parts of the body that start with g.